Human Rights and
International Democratic Solidarity


North Korea under the loupe


Latin American activists analyze the situation in North Korea

From August 23 to 25, Human Rights leaders and academics from the region were convened in Buenos Aires to share knowledge and information on the situation in one of the most closed countries in the world.

They attended from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Peru and Venezuela.

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

On Tuesday, August 23, a panel on North Korea was included in the "Conference on the day in remembrance of the victims of totalitarianism", organized by CADAL and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. María de los Ángeles Lasa, Inés Pousadela and Agustín Menéndez participated as speakers, and the panel was moderated by Gabriel Salvia.

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

On Wednesday, August 24, a closed workshop on the situation in North Korea was held at Espacio Aguaribay.

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

The meeting began with a Zoom presentation by Lina Yoon on "Excessive and unnecessary measures related to Covid-19 in North Korea: Increased repression and difficulty in accessing new information."

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

Next, Tomás Ojea Quintana spoke about "The challenges in addressing human rights in North Korea."

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

After lunch, María de los Ángeles Lasa shared her experience of her trip to North Korea in 2018, speaking on "Daily life and domestic politics north of the 38th parallel."

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

For her part, Inés Pousadela analyzed the classification of North Korea in the Civicus Monitor.

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

The first day of the workshop closed with a presentation by Eduardo Ulibarri on “North Korea at the UN: the limits of sanctions”.

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

Thursday 25 began with a public conference at the University of Belgrano on "Human Rights: the situation in North Korea and the position in Latin America", in which Agustín Menéndez, María de los Ángeles Lasa, Inés Pousadela, Eduardo Ulibarri, Armando Chaguaceda and Rafael Uzcátegui, moderated by journalist Fernando Laborda.

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

At the entrance to the University of Belgrano, the participants visited the photographic exhibition “In North Korea”.

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

In the afternoon, the second and final part of the workshop resumed with a presentation by Agustín Menéndez on “Reliable sources of information and resources on North Korea”.

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

Next, Lisette Kugler shared the statistics of the CADAL project "North Korea under the magnifying glass" on social networks and on the website.

Activistas de América Latina analizan situación de Corea del Norte

The workshop closed with an exchange of those present on "North Korea's allies in Latin America" ​​and a proposal for a declaration.


Elaine Barbosa. Graduated in History from the University of São Paulo. She was a high school and pre-university teacher for more than 30 years. She wrote didactic collections of History for Basic Education and for High School, and works for the general public (History of Wars and History of Peace - with several authors coordinated by Demétrio Magnoli, and Liberty versus Equality in 2 volumes, in collaboration with Demétrio Magnoli). She is currently the executive editor of the "1948-Universal Declaration of Human Rights" website, which is dedicated to disseminating these issues.

Andrés Cañizález. Senior Researcher at the Andrés Bello Catholic University (UCAB, Venezuela). Director of the civil association Medinalisis, dedicated to the promotion of independent journalism, and of Cotejo.Info, the first fact-checking media outlet in Venezuela. He writes regularly for the news and analysis portals El Estímulo, Cocuyo Effect and Prodavinci. Academic Advisor of CADAL.

Martina Carpio Lozada. She studied Law at the Private University of Piura (Peru) and studied Arts Criticism at the National University of Arts (Argentina). She has extensive experience in human resources areas of multinational companies and startups in the technology sector in the United States and Europe. She was Liaison Officer for Pascal Lamy (World Trade Organization) and for the General Secretariat at the 2018 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Summit. She currently works as the Global Director of Human Talent for Blue Coding and Resolve Digital (United States). She actively promotes corporate social responsibility initiatives and the promotion of human rights in the corporate sphere.

Rubén Chababo. Professor of Literature at the National University of Rosario where he annually teaches the Seminar on Memory and Human Rights. He is a teacher and member of the Academic Council of the Master of Cultural Studies dependent on the National University of Rosario and was a member of the International Advisory Council of the National Center for Historical Memory of Bogotá (Colombia). He has given courses and lectures at different national and foreign universities on the dilemmas of memory in the contemporary scene. Between 2002 and 2014 he was Director of the Museum of Memory of the city of Rosario, one of the first museological institutions dedicated to addressing the issue of State Terrorism in Argentina. He also served as Director of Human Rights of the Municipality of Rosario. He is Director of the International Museum for Democracy. Academic Advisor of CADAL.

Armando Chaguaceda. Cuban-Mexican political scientist and historian, whose research examines the global processes of democratization and autocratization, the rise of populism, and the role of global powers such as Russia and China in Latin American politics. He is a National Expert on Varieties of Democracy, an international research initiative based at the V-Dem Institute at the University of Gothenburg, which seeks to conceptualize and measure democracy in all countries of the world.

Alan Espinosa. Human Rights Defender, lawyer from the University of Havana and the University of La Plata, Diploma in International Criminal Justice and Human Rights (University of Castilla la Mancha), Specialist in Law and Economics of Consumer Protection (University of Castilla la Mancha) , Specialist in Sports Law and Management (CIES-FIFA), Member of the Cubalex legal team.

Maria de los Ángeles Lasa. Degree in International Relations from the Catholic University of Córdoba, Master in Public Policy from the University of Oxford and PhD in Political Science from the Università degli Studi di Camerino. She has worked in the Argentine public sector, in international organizations and for civil society organizations. She was Visiting Researcher at the University of Texas at Austin and at the Universidad de Los Andes, and Visiting Professor of State and Public Policy at the Universidad Torcuato Di Tella. She has been a TEDx speaker at the Catholic University of Córdoba and at the National Library of Buenos Aires. She traveled to North Korea in March 2018 and, in 2021, she presented the photographic exhibition "The last frontiers of socialism" at the Cultural Usina of the National University of Villa María.

Lisette Kugler. Communication Coordinator at CADAL. Degree in International Relations (UCEMA), Master in Content Management (Austral University) and Diploma in Journalism and Digital Media Management (Austral University). She was part of the international relations department of the Instituto Tecnológico de Monterrey (Querétaro, México). She collaborated as a reporter and editor for magazines of interest in Mexico and was the communication and marketing coordinator at LatinoAustralia Education. She was part of the communication team for the Master's in Political Communication at the EPC of the Austral University (Buenos Aires, Argentina) and developed as a Content Specialist & Social Media Strategist at DM Agency (Miami, United States).

Rigoberto Lobo. Activist and human rights defender, whose career began in the 2014 protests in Venezuela - when he began to care for people injured by government repression. His work has focused on providing accompaniment and protection to victims, as well as performing academic work related to the defense of human rights. In mid-2014 he formally began his work in human rights at the Universidad de Los Andes, specifically at the Human Rights Observatory. In 2016 he founded the organization PROMEDEHUM, whose focus is the defense of the right to peaceful assembly and association of people.

Agustín Menéndez. Degree in Political Science and Lawyer (UBA). He studied for a Master's degree in History (UTDT). He is a KGIP (Korean Government Invitation Program) fellow. Specialized in issues of the Korean Peninsula and the violation of Human Rights in North Korea. He currently works in the Financial Intelligence Unit in the area of ​​International Coordination on money laundering. financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. He collaborates in different newspapers and radio media. Associate Researcher of CADAL.

Tomás Ojea Quintana. Former UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of Human Rights in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. He is a lawyer from Argentina who works in the field of criminal law, human rights and public interest, representing NGOs and other groups in different cases, including the kidnapping of children by the military regime, sexual abuse by members of the church, and the criminal liability of corporations for human rights abuses. He is currently the attorney in a universal jurisdiction case on Rohingya abuses. He was Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar from 2008 to 2014, and was previously Consultant to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Bolivia. He also worked as a lawyer at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (OAS). He is a consultant to the Argentine Parliament, and has worked as an advisor to government agencies on human rights and security issues. He has also worked as a Clerk of the Court.

Susana Saavedra Badani. Lawyer, researcher, master's degree in Penitentiary Law and International Law Systems (U. BARCELONA), Diploma in Citizen Security (U. de Chile), Specialist in Results-Based Project Management (DANIDA Fellowship Centre), various training courses in human rights, fundamental freedoms, penal reforms, indigenous rights and access to justice. Since 2016 she has been the Executive Director of Fundación CONSTRUIR, and has more than 15 years of experience in management, promotion, monitoring & evaluation of projects in the area of ​​justice and Human Rights, especially actions that prioritize citizen participation, transparency, full exercise of fundamental freedoms and guarantees of due process with a gender and intersectionality approach.

Gabriel C. Salvia. General Director of CADAL. Since 1992 he has been a director of Civil Society Organizations and is a founding member of CADAL. As a journalist he worked in graphics, radio and TV. He compiled several books, including "Diplomacy and Human Rights in Cuba" (2011) and "Human Rights in International Relations and Foreign Policy" (2021), and is the author of "Dancing for a Mirage: Notes on Politics, Economics and diplomacy in the governments of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner" (2017). He is also the author of several reports, among which "The chairs of the Council: authoritarianism and democracies in the evolution of the integration of the UN Human Rights body" and "Closed Report: The complicity of the Cuban revolution with the military dictatorship Argentina". He is the author of the article "Human Rights, North Korea and Latin America" ​​(El País, Spain, 2014).

Brian Shapira. Director of Institutional Relations of CADAL. Lawyer (University of Buenos Aires), with a Master in International and Comparative Law (Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law, Dallas – Texas – USA) and a Postgraduate Degree in Oil and Gas Law (University of Buenos Aires) . He was an intern for the International Clerkship Program before the Federal Justice of the United States (Dallas – Texas). He was Undersecretary of Protection and International Human Rights Liaison of the Nation of the Argentine Republic between December 2015 and December 2019. He worked as Senior Associate Lawyer of the Bunge, Smith and Lucchia Puig Law Firm; Legal Advisor to the Ministry of Justice and Security of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires; Legal Advisor in the Legislature of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires; Head of the Legal Department of the Tzedaká Foundation; and Lawyer of the Delegation of Argentine Israelite Associations (DAIA).

Eduardo Ulibari. He is a university professor and columnist for the Costa Rican newspaper La Nación, of which he was director between 1982 and 2003. Between August 2010 and June 2014 he served as ambassador and permanent representative of Costa Rica to the United Nations. Author of books on journalism and current affairs, he is a professor at the School of Collective Communication Sciences at the University of Costa Rica. He was president of the Institute of Press and Freedom of Expression (IPLEX) between 2005 and 2010; president of the Committee on Freedom of the Press of the Inter-American Press Association (1991-1994), and member of the board (1989-2002) and of the advisory council (since 2002) of the International Center for Journalists, Washington, D.C. He is currently part of the board of directors of Aldesa Corporación de Inversiones and is a member of the Programs Committee of the CRUSA Foundation. He has received the Distinguished Service Medal in Journalism from the University of Missouri, in 1989; the María Moors Cabot Prize, from Columbia University (New York), in 1996, and the National Journalism Prize of Costa Rica, in 1999. He studied at the universities of Costa Rica (bachelor's degree in Communication, 1974), Missouri (master's in Journalism, 1976) and Harvard (Niemann Fellow, 1988). He is academic adviser of CADAL.

Rafael Uzcátegui. Human rights defender, sociologist and independent editor. Since 2006 he has been part of the Venezuelan Program for Education-Action in Human Rights (Provea), being its General Coordinator since 2015. Author of the books “The rebellion beyond the left", "Venezuela: The revolution as a spectacle. An anarchist critique of the Bolivarian government" and "Ink Heart". He is a regular columnist in different national and international media. Member of War Resisters' International (WRI-IRG). Co-creator of the web radio "Right Human".

Lina Yoon. Senior researcher at the Asia division of Human Rights Watch. She has produced reports, articles, opinion pieces, and videos on endemic and pervasive rights violations by the North Korean government, including sexual violence, discrimination, and inhumane prison conditions, among other topics. Additionally, Ella Yoon has worked on international advocacy campaigns for accountability for victims of human rights violations. Before joining Human Rights Watch in late 2014, Yoon was a journalist. She has visited North Korea three times since 2003 and has met more than 400 North Koreans outside the country. She has written and produced news for the Wall Street Journal, Time Magazine and El Pais, CBS News, the BBC, Al Jazeera International and CNN International. She has a double bachelor's degree in politics and communication from Yonsei University in Seoul and a master's degree in communication from Tsinghua University in Beijing.


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